1. What is the spirit, or soul, of a human being?
The Spirit of a human being is the inner life of a human being.
Human inner being is your relationship with yourself, with God, with others, and with nature, formed by your memory, consciousness, and subconsciousness you experience and accumulate over the years. It is your learning, processing, analysis, and handling of stimulus, creating an inner world of yourself and responses to external stimulus.
Your inner thinking, feeling, habitual reaction, conditional responses, outwardly exhibit yourself as your personal character, personality, emotions, seen and heard by your spoken words, attitude, intention, posture, selected role models, behavior, and autonomous and compulsory responses. This inner life and the inner world of a human is unique in every life. Traditionally people attribute it to your “heart” or your “spirit”.
Your “heart” (spirit) is unseen but in fact it the core of your holistic life. It affects your life and your living.
Late neural science reveals that human thinking, logic processing, emotion, behavior, and responses to external stimulus is managed by your brain. It has a complicated structure and processes that connect with your neural cells and organs. It has nothing to do with your heart, which does nothing but takes care of your blood supply to your body
2. What is spirituality?
This is not an easy question to answer since spirituality deals with aspects of human life that are at once intensely personal and difficult to describe. But to provide a very basic definition, spirituality refers how each of us perceives our relationship with ourselves, others, with the creator, and the wider world. This includes how we interpret the meaning and purpose of our lives, and our personal understanding of and interaction with universal aspects of life that can be perceived only through inner reflection, rather than through our physical senses (sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste).
3. Is being spiritual the same thing as being religious?
For some people, but not for all, developing a sense of spirituality does involve connecting with a specific religious belief or practice. But you do not need to identify with a specific religious denomination or set of beliefs to look for and find a larger spiritual meaning in life. Spirituality is the recognition that something beyond ourselves influences us and the world around us. While some people associate that “something” with the notion of a deity or god, others simply acknowledge the presence of some form of “higher power” in the universe.
4. Why do we need to take care of our soul?
Research suggests that cultivating some sense of spirituality can help people build their own sense of identity, meaning, and purpose, find more significance in relationships, handle adversity, and experience life more fully. Studies have also indicated that having a sense of meaning or purpose in one’s life (even while struggling to understand exactly what that meaning is), is associated with better mental health.
5. Why do we need to develop a spiritual practice?
Spiritual development is a lifelong process that is unique and personal to every individual. At times difficult, at times joyful, this process occurs to some extent within almost everyone, regardless of their specific beliefs, whenever they pause to consider the meaning of life and their place in the world.
If you are interested in developing your own sense of spirituality and/or your own individual spiritual practice, you might consider pursuing one or more of the following:
Study – There are countless books and websites devoted to spirituality in its many forms. Although specific recommendations are beyond the scope of this website, you might want to visit your local library or bookstore to look for resources that might help you explore your own path of spirituality.
Meditation – For centuries, people of all different beliefs have practiced meditation as a strategy for connecting with their own sense of spirituality, and disconnecting from the physical stimuli and the pulls and demands of everyday life. Research indicates that meditation can be helpful in reducing stress, speeding recovery, increasing the quality of life, and, in some instances, reducing pain.
Meditation can be divided into two different approaches:
During concentration meditation, an individual focuses attention on a single object and continues to return the focus back to that object, even when his/her mind wanders. The object can be almost anything that doesn’t trigger the mind to change focus. Focusing on a specific object creates a neutral point upon which to center one’s energy and attention. People often use a mantra, which is a simple word or phrase repeated over and over again, a visual object, or even the breath. Concentration meditation appears to be a most helpful approach for achieving relaxation, which in turn can reduce stress.
Mindfulness meditation focuses a person’s attention on the present moment. When we allow ourselves to be truly aware of the moment, we pay attention to physical sensations, sounds, thoughts, and feelings without attaching judgment to them.
As is the case with concentration meditation, a person’s mind will tend to wander. When that happens, the goal is to recognize it and bring the mind back to the present moment. Mindfulness meditation has been associated with reduced stress, increased quality of life, reduced pain and faster recovery from injury or illness.
Prayer – Prayer is often used to cultivate a stronger spiritual/religious connection, ask for guidance to cope with difficult life events, seek forgiveness or help in forgiving others, or express a sense of gratitude. There are many resources for learning more about prayer. Books, websites, and information provided by specific religious organizations can all be helpful in understanding more about how others have benefitted from prayer, and how you might incorporate prayer into your own life.
Community – Many people find comfort, strength, and guidance on their spiritual path by sharing with others. The most familiar examples of spiritual communities are religious organizations, or congregations, which are organized around a specific set of beliefs. If you think you might benefit from connecting with a specific spiritual or religious community, you might want to explore the possibilities in your area. Think about your specific beliefs, and what you are hoping to gain from the experience, and find out more about the beliefs and practices of nearby groups.
Many people tend to make these decisions based on the religion or spiritual practice they experienced while growing up. It’s important to remember that, as an adult, your views may have changed and you may want to explore a broader range of options.
Regardless of your specific beliefs, cultivating a sense of spirituality is one more tool you might want to consider adding to your self-care toolkit. Undertaking your own personal spiritual journey may provide you with an additional source of strength and insight as you recover from depression.
6. What are the common mental disorder that affects our life and soul?
Some common mental disorder are:
Addiction Disorder 沈溺成癮症
Anorexia Nervosa 厭食症
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 過度活躍症
Autism Spectrum disorder 自閉症
Bipolar Disorder 躁鬱症
Borderline Personality Disorder 邊緣性人格障礙症
Binge Eating Disorder進食失調症
Generalized Anxiety Disorder泛焦慮症
Men Depression 男性抑鬱症
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder 強迫症
Panic Attacks and Panic Disorder 驚惶症
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder 創傷後遺症
Seasonal Affective Disorder 季節性情緒失調症
Social Anxiety disorder社交恐懼症
Substance Abuse 藥物濫用/惡癮症
Women Depression 女性抑鬱症
7. What are the common psycho-therapatic treatment to the above disorders?
Some of the psychotherapy methods developed over the last decade are:
Adlerian Therapy 阿德勒治療
Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy 行為及認知治療
Bowen Therapy 博文治療
Cognitive Behavior Therapy 認知行為治療
Cognitive Therapy 認知治療
Emotional Therapy 情緒治療
Existential-Humanistic Therapy 存在主義治療
Experiential Therapy 經驗治療
Feminist Therapy 女性主義治療
Focused Solution Therapy 焦點治療
Gestalt Therapy 完形治療
Hypnotic Therapy 催眠治療
Integrative Therapy 綜合治療
Narrative Therapy 述事治療
Person-Centered Therapy 個人中心治療
Problem Solving Therapy 解決方案中心治療
Psycho-Analytic Therapy 心理分析治療
Psychodynamic Therapy 心理動力治療
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy 理性感性行為治療
Reality therapy 現實治療
SATIR Conjoint Therapy 沙維雅聯合治療
Strategic Therapy 策略性治療
Structured Family Therapy 結構性家庭治療